Individual phases of research work

Read more about the different stages of research below. These methods are suitable for more complicated seminar work and also understandable diploma and bachelor work.

Preparatory stage

The beginning of this stage is determined at the time of determining the topic of the professional work, ie by entering a specific research into the professional work. It includes the study of the literature of the monitored issue and the exploration of the terrain (exploring the research environment). At this stage it is necessary that the “writer / student” consult the professional intentions, as this stage of the research is very time-consuming, but it is also the most important, as the result of the whole professional work depends on the quality of this phase. Weaknesses should be eliminated in the preparatory phase, as they cannot be removed in the course of the research, the entire investigation process would be undermined. The phase ends with the elaboration of a professional work, which is usually explained by opposition. In the use of quantitative approaches in research, it is particularly to set hypotheses. First of all, research should answer questions: Who? (Who will solve the research – “student / writer”), What? (definition of terminology and research concepts that need to be operationalized, sample and problem determination), When? (determining the work schedule in the form of a curriculum and timetable for the individual parts and sub-sections of the professional work up to the opposition procedure), Where? (exact destination of research), How? (very important to choose adequate research methods, techniques, and approach to quantitative or qualitative processing, or even both in a combination of methods), Why? (justification of the chosen procedure and methods, explanation and argumentation of the decision), Start? (determining the cost of research and processing needed).

Field investigation

Using research techniques and tools (polls, interviews, observations, etc.) means getting information from respondents (collecting primary data from the field). “Writer / Student” creates appropriate notes during their stay in the field, which they then process into a professional text. It is necessary that he does not forget to check all the information obtained and to verify the veracity of the individual statements, while some of the incomplete or inapplicable ones will have to be excluded from the relevance.

Statistical processing

It represents the processing of a large number of information, where the first, second or further sorting of information takes place using cumulative and relative frequencies. In quantitative approaches, the significance level is determined on the basis of which either the hypothesis can be rejected or confirmed. For hypothesis testing, Chi-square or correlation coefficients are used most often. Pivot tables, etc. can be used in qualitative approaches.

Interpretation of results

It already presents a comprehensive expression of the analysis results available to the writer / reader, it is necessary to first characterize the selected sample, explaining individually the predetermined questions that tested the specified hypotheses. Interpretation of results is concluded in a brief summary of the goals achieved, which were “written by the reader / reader”. Suggestions and recommendations for improving the current state of the issue are an essential part of the interpretation of analysis results.

Final phase

It presents the final version of the professional work that the writer / student passes on to the supervisor and ends with the defense’s discussion and advice after the expert’s recommendation.